Papa Foote, The Old Goat
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Fallacy From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Logical fallacy) Jump to: navigation, search This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. It needs additional citations for verification. Tagged since August 2010. It may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. Tagged since August 2010. It may contain original research. Tagged since August 2010. In logic and rhetoric, a fallacy is usually an improper argumentation in reasoning often resulting in a misconception or presumption. Literally, a fallacy is "an error in reasoning that renders an argument logically invalid". By accident or design, fallacies may exploit emotional triggers in the listener or participant (appeal to emotion), or take advantage of social relationships between people (e.g. argument from authority). Fallacious arguments are often structured using rhetorical patterns that obscure any logical argument. Though an argument is not "logically valid", it is not necessarily the case that the conclusion is incorrect. It simply means that the conclusion cannot be arrived at using that argument.
Though often used unintentionally, fallacies can be used purposefully to win arguments regardless of the merits
. Among such devices, discussed in more detail below, are: "ignoring the question" to divert argument to unrelated issues using a red herring, making the argument personal (argumentum ad hominem) and discrediting the opposition's character, "begging the question" (petitio principi), the use of the non-sequitur, false cause and effect (post hoc ergo propter hoc), bandwagoning (everyone says so), the "false dilemma" or "either-or fallacy" in which the situation is oversimplified, "card-stacking" or selective use of facts, and "false analogy". Another favorite device is the "false generalization", an abstraction of the argument that shifts discussion to platitudes where the facts of the matter are lost. There are many, many more tricks to divert attention from careful exploration of a subject. Fallacies can generally be classified as informal (premises fail to support the proposed conclusion, but the argument is structured properly) or formal (logical structure is flawed).
*From The Old Goat
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"The Old Goat" Since my Joanna has let go of her life, Charlie (my little companion dog) and I (Papa Foote, "The Traveling Man") were still walking down the "road of live" - smelling the thoughts of the world. But now, since my stroke has started to creep into my old body, my mind is still with the "Eagles Flying Higher" but mostly, I just want to try to squeeze my thinking and writing into just a few words that count towards a better world - like no more anger and selfish thinking that comes from warring between human clans instead of helping each other in our World! My choices are my own - from my inner-self! "Thoughts" Plant Kiindness and Harvest Love Beware of Charlatans* *False expert: Somebody who falsely claims a special skill or expertise - Early 17th century: "to babble, patter," an imitation of the sound of empty talk! Keep Your Mind Open and Balanced Try To Be True To Your Inner-Self "Facts" Some "Facts" are actually truths that we are able to uncover and understand! Some "Facts" are only truths until something changes as we become able to understand more! Some "Facts" will never become truths because we will never be able to understand! "So" That is why the human mind has trouble with "factual conclusions"! "I'm Slowing Down - But Still Thinking" An Old Goat - Still Trying - As The World Cycles Forward (Never Back) - Leaning Forward Progressively - But Still In The Balance - Looking For The Better Path to The Future!
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